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Mol Cell Biol. 1993 Jun;13(6):3650-9.

Isolation of STD1, a high-copy-number suppressor of a dominant negative mutation in the yeast TATA-binding protein.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania 15261.


The TATA-binding protein (TBP) is an essential component of the transcriptional machinery of all three nuclear RNA polymerase enzymes. Comparison of the amino acid sequence of TBPs from a number of species reveals a highly conserved 180-residue C-terminal domain. In contrast, the N terminus is variable in both size and amino acid sequence. Overexpression of a TBP protein with a deletion of the nonconserved N terminus (TBP delta 57) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae results in a dominant negative phenotype of extremely slow growth. Associated with the slow-growth phenotype are defects in RNA polymerase II transcription in vivo. We have screened a high-copy-number yeast genomic library for suppression of the slow-growth phenotype and have isolated plasmids which encode suppressors of TBP delta 57 overexpression. Here we report the sequence and initial characterization of one suppressor, designated STD1 for suppressor of TBP deletion. The STD1 gene contains a single continuous open reading frame with the potential to encode a 50.2-kDa protein. Disruption of the STD1 gene indicates that it is not essential for vegetative growth, mating, or sporulation. High-copy-number suppression by the STD1 gene is not the result of a decrease in TBP delta 57 protein accumulation or DNA-binding activity; instead, STD1 suppression is coincident with the elimination of TBP delta 57-induced RNA polymerase II defects in both uninduced and induced transcription in vivo.

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