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J Med Chem. 1993 May 14;36(10):1401-17.

Interphenylene 7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane oxazoles. Highly potent, selective, and long-acting thromboxane A2 receptor antagonists.

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  • 1Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-4000.


A series of interphenylene 7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane oxazoles (2) were prepared and evaluated for their thromboxane (TxA2) antagonistic activity in vitro and duration of action in vivo. Examination of the carboxyl side chain indicated that the interphenylene ring substitution pattern and, to a lesser extent, chain length were important factors in determining TxA2 antagonistic potency. For the carboxyl side chain, ortho substitution, a single methylene spacer between the interphenylene and oxabicycloheptane rings, and a propionic acid side-chain length were determined to be optimal. With respect to the oxazole side chain a wide range of amide substituents with diverse structures and lipophilicities were compatible with potent antagonistic activity. Finally, an acidic functional group on the alpha-chain and a hydrogen bond acceptor on the 4-position of the oxazole ring were critical for potent activity. From the analogs prepared 42 (BMS-180,291: [(+)-1S-(1 alpha, 2 alpha, 3 alpha, 4 alpha)-2-[[3-[4-[(n- pentylamino)carbonyl]-2-oxazolyl]-7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2- yl]methyl]benzenepropanoic acid) was found to be a potent, selective, and orally-active TxA2 antagonist with a long duration of action and has been selected as a candidate for clinical development. In human platelet-rich plasma, 42 inhibited arachidonic acid (800 microM) and U-46,-619 (10 microM) induced aggregation with I50 values of 7 and 21 nM, respectively. Radioligand binding studies of 42 with [3H]-SQ 29,548 showed a Kd value of 4.0 +/- 1.0 nM in human platelet membranes. Both in vitro and in vivo studies indicated 42 was devoid of direct agonistic activity. In vivo 42 (0.2 mg/kg, po) showed extended protection (T50 = 14.4 h) from U-46,619 (2 mg/kg, iv) induced death in mice, and a single oral dose of 42 (3 mg/kg) abolished U46,619-induced platelet aggregation ex vivo in African green monkeys for > 24 h.

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