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J Immunol. 1993 Jun 1;150(11):4958-65.

Differential action of cycloheximide and activation stimuli on transcription of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-8, and P53 genes in human monocytes.

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  • 1Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, Minsk, Republic of Belarus.


In the present study we have analyzed superinduction of TNF-alpha mRNA and enhancement of TNF-alpha gene transcription by cycloheximide (Chx) in human blood monocytes isolated by continuous Percoll gradient and activated in vitro. In the same monocyte cultures, we have compared the rate of gene transcription of TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-8, and the P53-antioncogene under the influence of plastic adherence, Staphylococcus aureus Cowan 1 (SAC), and Chx added at different times of monocyte culture. It was shown that the cytokine genes have low or negligible transcriptional activity in freshly isolated monocytes, whereas P53 gene transcription was constant in freshly isolated and in vitro-stimulated cells. Transcription of the IL-1 beta and IL-8 genes was induced by adherence and was not more enhanced by SAC. Transcription of the TNF-alpha gene was not induced by adherence. Chx added at the beginning of the monocyte culture did not block TNF-alpha or IL-1 beta gene transcription. IL-8 gene transcription, however, was abrogated by Chx. Addition of SAC to monocyte culture containing Chx caused significant enhancement of TNF-alpha gene transcription. Addition of Chx after 2.5 or 4 h of SAC activation caused "superinduction" of TNF-alpha mRNA and enhancement of TNF-alpha gene transcription. The data imply that TNF-alpha gene transcription in activated human monocytes might be regulated by both positive and negative regulatory factors that differ in their stability and protein synthesis dependence. In addition, results demonstrate that TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-8, and p53 genes in human monocytes are differently regulated.

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