Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur Respir J. 1993 Apr;6(4):489-97.

Changes in bronchoalveolar lavage inflammatory cells in asthmatic patients treated with high dose inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate.

Author information

  • 1Molecular Immunopathology Unit, MRC Centre, Cambridge, UK.


Using serial bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), we have studied changes in the airway inflammatory cell populations in 20 asthmatic patients, before and after treatment with inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP), 2,000 micrograms daily in an uncontrolled study. There was a significant improvement in asthma severity, as measured by symptom score and airways responsiveness, and there were significant reductions in the total BAL eosinophil, epithelial cell and mast cell counts, with a significant increase in the percentage BAL lymphocyte count. No significant correlations were found between the changes in airway inflammatory cell numbers and the reduction in asthma severity. In contrast, the fall in ROS generation by the pulmonary macrophage and granulocyte populations was nonsignificant, but the improvement in airways responsiveness was positively correlated to the reduction in the unstimulated pulmonary macrophage activity. Although these data are uncontrolled, the results are compatible with previous studies in suggesting an effect of steroids on the eosinophil, mast cell and epithelial cell in asthmatic airways. They also highlight the probable importance of the luminal lymphocyte population and pulmonary macrophage activation within the asthmatic airway, the beneficial modulatory effect of inhaled BDP treatment upon them, and the relative steroid-resistance of pulmonary inflammatory cell activity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk