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Am J Surg. 1993 May;165(5):650-4.

Does the use of erythropoietin in hemodialysis patients increase dialysis graft thrombosis rates?

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Good Samaritan Hospital and Medical Center, Portland, OR.


Erythropoietin (EPO) is highly efficacious in the treatment of the anemia of chronic renal failure. Evidence for a reported serious side effect, increased dialysis graft thrombosis, is equivocal. Sixty-four hemodialysis patients utilizing polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts were treated with EPO. The patients served as their own historical controls. There were 1.188 thrombectomies and 0.222 mechanical problems per 1,000 patient-days prior to the initiation of EPO treatment. With EPO, the values were 0.656 and 0.222, respectively. Patients were separated into low-, medium-, and high-dose EPO groups and analyzed within groups for the effect of EPO and between groups for a dose-dependent response. According to an analysis of variance procedure, there was no statistically significant differences between the groups, which suggests that EPO is not thrombogenic to dialysis grafts.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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