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Am J Med Genet. 1993 Apr 15;46(2):198-202.

Bromodeoxyuridine induces chromosomal fragile sites in the canine genome.

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  • 1Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-7040.


Peripheral blood lymphocytes from 3 clinically normal domestic dogs were cultured for bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) induction of fragile site expression. BrdU induced fragile site expression in cells from all 3 dogs. The mean percent of cells with fragile sites and the mean number of fragile sites per cell were significantly increased in all BrdU incubated cultures compared to control cultures. The frequency of BrdU fragile site expression did not vary significantly among the dogs. Lymphocytes from all 3 dogs expressed BrdU induced autosomal fragile sites. Two BrdU induced fragile sites were identified on the long arm of chromosome 1, one of which was close to or coincident with a previously identified folate sensitive fragile site on this canine chromosome. Lymphocytes from the 2 female dogs also expressed BrdU induced fragile sites on the X chromosome, but BrdU failed to induce fragile sites on the X chromosome from the one male dog in the study. The 2 BrdU-induced fragile sites identified on the long arm of the X chromosome were close to, or coincident with 2 previously described folate-sensitive common fragile sites on the canine X chromosome. This is the first report of induction of BrdU-inducible fragile sites in the genome of the domestic dog.

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