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J Biochem. 1993 Feb;113(2):251-7.

Ganglioside distribution in the liver of inbred strains of rats and the cancerous liver of LEC rats.

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  • 1Institute for Animal Experimentation, Hokkaido University School of Medicine.


The gangliosides in the livers of various inbred strains of rats and hepatoma of LEC rats were purified and analyzed by thin-layer chromatography. The patterns of ganglioside distribution in these rat livers were classified into three phenotypes depending on the strain, that is, a-type (ACI, LEA, LEW, BUF), b-type (WKAH, SHR/SP), and LEC type, which are characterized by dominance of a- or b-series of gangliosides, or a variation of a-type, respectively. A sex difference was also recognized in the molar ratio of GM3 which was much higher in males (60-75%) than in females (33-56%) except in LEC rats. In addition, the content of a-series gangliosides was lower and the content of b-series gangliosides was higher in a-type male rats than in a-type female rats. The opposite was true in b-type rats. LEC rats were an exception, characterized by no sex difference and a quite low content of b-series gangliosides. The LEC rat is a mutant strain that spontaneously develops fulminant hepatitis around 14 to 20 weeks of age and hepatoma at 1 to 1.5 years old. The gangliosides of the hepatoma were characterized by the appearance of the newly synthesized gangliosides, fucosyl-GM1 and alpha-galactosyl alpha-fucosyl GM1 (BGM1). In particular, BGM1 ganglioside accumulated in the hepatoma of female rats.

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