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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1993 Mar;25(3):389-95.

Reliability and variability of indicators of heart-rate monitoring in children.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta 30912.


We describe the daily heart-rate patterns and the between-day and within-day reliabilities of several heart rate indicators measured in 131 Anglo-, African-, and Mexican-American children aged 5-7 yr. Heart rates were measured over 12 waking hours with a Quantum XL Telemetry heart rate monitor. The percent of heart rates 25% above resting heart rate, an index of physical activity heart rate (PAHR-25 index), was found to have the highest within-day (0.92) and between-day (0.81) reliabilities. The Spearman-Brown prophecy formula indicated that only 9.3 h of observation would be needed to maintain a within-day reliability of 0.90. The percentage of heart rates 50% above resting heart rate (PAHR-50) was found to have slightly lower within-day (0.88) and between-day (0.56) reliability. Principal components analysis revealed that the PAHR-25 and PAHR-50 indicies only had one component throughout the day. The PAHR-25 and PAHR-50 indicies were weakly correlated with age, suggesting that they may be good indicators of relative PAHR. Male children had higher (P < or = 0.025) PAHR-25 index scores than females. There were no gender or ethnic differences in the PAHR-50 index.

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