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Circulation. 1993 Mar;87(3):874-80.

Interaction between thromboxane A2 and 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor subtypes in human coronary arteries.

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  • 1National Heart and Lung Institute, Harefield Hospital, Middlesex, UK.



Platelets release two powerful vasoconstrictors--thromboxane A2 (TXA2) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT). Animal studies have suggested that these two substances may act in a synergistic fashion to stimulate platelet activity and smooth muscle vasoconstriction.


To assess the interaction between TXA2 and 5-HT at the individual 5-HT receptor subtypes reported to mediate contraction, the effect of the amine was determined in the presence of differing concentrations of the thromboxane mimetic U46619. A total of 168 vessel segments were removed from 20 recipient hearts of patients undergoing cardiac transplantation. Segments were set up in isolated organ baths and tested for their response to 5-HT in the presence of an EC10, EC30, or EC50 concentration of U46619 (n = 4). A synergistic response was only seen in a small number of the segments tested under these conditions. However, in the presence of ketanserin (10(-6) M) to block 5-HT2 receptors, there was a significant increase in the response to 10(-6) M 5-HT in the presence of both the EC30 (p < 0.025) and EC50 (p < 0.05) concentrations of U46619 (n = 4). The potentiation of non-5-HT2 receptor mediated responses to 5-HT, in the presence of U46619 (EC30), could be prevented by 10(-7) M methiothepin, a nonselective 5-HT1-like/5-HT2 receptor antagonist.


These data indicate that TXA2 receptor activation can increase the response of 5-HT mediated by 5-HT1-like receptors in human coronary arteries. 5-HT1-like receptors have been shown to mediate the contractile effect of 5-HT in patients with variant and chronic stable angina. Thus, platelet contents may act together at specific receptor subtypes in the induction of myocardial ischemia.

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