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Bone Marrow Transplant. 1993 Jan;11(1):21-6.

Transjugular liver biopsy in BMT.

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  • 1Postgraduate School of Hematology Farreras Valenti, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

With the aim of evaluating liver disturbances after BMT in 76 patients, the hepatic venous pressure gradient was measured and a transvenous liver biopsy was performed through the jugular vein. Catheterization was successful in 71 patients (93%). In 11 cases the procedure was performed twice, yielding a total number of 82 studies. In five (6%) liver biopsies were non-evaluable. Complications were rare (7%), minor and reversible. As a result of this procedure, the diagnosis was modified in 45%, with both the diagnosis and treatment being modified in 30% of patients. Veno-occlusive disease (VOD) was histologically demonstrated in 15 out of 26 patients (58%) in whom this complication was suspected and in two out of 33 (6%) in whom it was not. Acute GVHD of the liver was confirmed in 15 out of the 35 patients (43%) in whom this complication was suspected and in four of 24 (17%) in whom it was not. The hepatic venous pressure gradient was significantly higher in VOD than in liver GVHD. Whereas 14/17 (82%) patients with VOD had a gradient pressure higher than 9 mmHg, no patient with GVHD had a gradient above this value. We conclude that transjugular liver biopsy is an effective, safe, and useful technique to evaluate BMT related liver dysfunction.

PMID:
8431707
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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