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J Nucl Med. 1993 Feb;34(2):322-9.

Automated detection of the intercommissural line for stereotactic localization of functional brain images.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.


A technique has been developed for automated detection of the intercommissural (AC-PC) line for positron emission tomography (PET). The AC-PC line is estimated from the location of four internal landmarks; the frontal and occipital poles, the inferior aspect of the anterior corpus callosum, and the subthalamic point. The landmarks are detected automatically in PET mid-sagittal slices by combining edge detection, interpolation and profile curve analysis techniques. The anatomical relationships between the true and estimated AC-PC lines from the landmarks was confirmed by analysis of magnetic resonance (MR) images. Accuracy of the automated estimation technique was assessed in co-registered PET and MR images, which showed minimal angular differences and displacements of the estimated from the true AC-PC lines. The automated detection of the AC-PC line in a PET study enables accurate stereotactic localization of functional signals without the need for additional anatomical imaging and provides a basis for objective and reproducible intersubject comparison.

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