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Blood. 1993 Feb 1;81(3):631-8.

Basic fibroblast growth factor expression in human bone marrow and peripheral blood cells.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology, New York University Medical Center, NY 10016.


We have shown previously that basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is a mitogen for human bone marrow (BM) stromal cells and that bFGF stimulates myelopoiesis in primary BM cultures. In this article, we demonstrate the presence of bFGF in two cell lineages in human BM and peripheral blood as well as the deposition of bFGF into the extracellular matrix of BM stromal cell cultures. In immunofluorescence experiments on BM and peripheral blood smears, megakaryocytes and platelets stained strongly for bFGF, whereas weaker staining was observed in immature and mature cells of the granulocyte series. The presence of bFGF in platelets was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay as well as by immunoprecipitation followed by immunoblotting. bFGF was synthesized by BM stromal cell cultures and was found either cell associated or localized in the nucleus and the nucleoli, and its location was dependent on the fixation procedure used. Addition of exogenous bFGF to stromal cells showed the presence of extracellular binding molecules for this cytokine. bFGF could be released from these sites by soluble heparin or phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C. This study supports the role of bFGF as a stromal cell mitogen and stimulator of myelopoiesis. The data indicate that the stromal cells produce bFGF and that their extracellular matrix can serve as a reservoir for this growth factor. In addition, the results suggest a possible involvement of bFGF in platelet function as well as in megakaryocytopoiesis.

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