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Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1993 Feb;75(2):181-5.

Fluocinonide in an adhesive base for treatment of oral lichen planus. A double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study.

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  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Pathology, Free University Hospital/Academic Centre for Dentistry, Amsterdam (ACTA), The Netherlands.

Abstract

Patients with symptomatic oral lichen planus frequently require therapy to reduce signs and symptoms. For this purpose, corticosteroids are often applied topically. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, the efficacy of the topical application of 0.025% fluocinonide was evaluated. Forty consecutive patients with oral lichen planus diagnosed on the basis of histopathologic and immunofluorescence findings participated in this study. All patients were followed for 3 to 17 months. No adverse effects were noted during follow-up period. In the group of 20 patients that received the drug, 4 patients (20%) showed a complete remission, and 12 patients (60%) had a good or partial response to topical treatment. In the placebo-group, these figures were 0 and 6 (30%), respectively. The majority of the placebo-group (70%) did not respond at all with regard to signs (Xt2 = 10.4; p = 0.0013) and symptoms (Xt2 = 6.97, p = 0.008). The results from this study suggest that topical application of fluocinonide in an adhesive base is a safe and effective drug to reduce signs and symptoms in oral lichen planus.

PMID:
8426717
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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