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J Biol Chem. 1993 Jan 15;268(2):1039-45.

Cloning, genomic organization, and chromosomal localization of human cathepsin L.

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  • 1Laboratory of Cell Biology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.

Abstract

Cathepsin L is a lysosomal cysteine protease whose expression and secretion is induced by malignant transformation, growth factors, and tumor promoters. Many human tumors express high levels of cathepsin L, which is a broad spectrum protease with potent elastase and collagenase activities. Two published human cathepsin L cDNA sequences differ only in their 5'-untranslated regions. In this study, we demonstrate the concurrent expression of two distinct human cathepsin L mRNAs (hCATL-A and hCATL-B) in adenocarcinoma, hepatoma, and renal cancer cell lines. Cloning of the human cathepsin L gene by polymerase chain reaction amplification of genomic DNA and subsequent sequencing reveals that hCATL-A and hCATL-B mRNAs are encoded by a single gene. The 3' end of the first intron contains the 5' portion of hCATL-B and is contiguous to the second exon of the gene. These data suggest either the possibility of alternative splicing or the presence of a second promoter within the first intron of the hCATL gene. We mapped the hCATL gene to chromosome 9q21-22. Sequencing of both the mouse and human cathepsin L genes demonstrates almost complete conservation of exon and intron position, but significant divergence in intron structure, possibly reflecting differences in regulation of expression of the mouse and human cathepsin L genes.

PMID:
8419312
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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