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J Fla Med Assoc. 1993 Aug;80(8):529-32.

Insurance coverage and usage of preventive health services.

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  • Disease Control and AIDS Prevention, State Health Office, Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Tallahassee.


The 1991 Florida Behavioral Risk Factor Survey which included 2,246 respondents to a random-digit-dial telephone survey, showed that 19.2% of Florida residents aged 18 and older reported they had no health insurance, and 24.7% reported they had no insurance covering outpatient services. Lack of insurance coverage was reported more frequently by younger adults (70% under age 40 vs 93% over age 60), by those with less than a high-school education (69% vs 85% for those with some college), by members of racial-ethnic minority groups (Hispanics 67.5%, Blacks 71.5%, whites 85%), and by residents of southeastern Florida. Persons without insurance coverage were less likely to report having had a check-up by a physician in the last year, more likely to report they needed to see a physician but could not because of cost (37% vs 9%), and less likely to have received a mammogram (33% vs 56%) or Pap smear (51.6% vs 67.8%) in the last year. These findings support the need for health-care reform to include assurance that health insurance covers preventive services.

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