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J Biol Chem. 1993 Oct 15;268(29):21914-23.

Negative autoregulation of c-Myb activity by homodimer formation through the leucine zipper.

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  • 1Tsukuba Life Science Center, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), Ibaraki, Japan.


The trans-activating and transforming capacities of the c-myb proto-oncogene product (c-Myb) are negatively regulated through a leucine zipper structure in its negative regulatory domain. We show here tht in cotransfection assays, maximal Myb-induced trans-activation occurs with relatively low amounts of wild-type c-Myb, while higher levels of c-Myb result in reduced Myb-induced trans-activation. By contrast, this apparent negative autoregulation is not observed with a c-Myb mutant containing an impaired leucine zipper. Data presented here suggest that this negative autoregulation of trans-activation by wild-type c-Myb is a consequence of homodimer formation by c-Myb through its leucine zipper and of the inability of c-Myb dimers to bind DNA. These findings point to a novel mechanism of regulation of a transcription factor.

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