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J Anim Sci. 1993 Sep;71(9):2365-70.

Genetic parameters for carcass traits estimated from Angus field records.

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  • 1Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames 50011.


The American Angus Association has sponsored a carcass evaluation since 1974. The carcass data collected as a part of this program are used by the association to conduct a biannual sire evaluation for carcass merit. This paper presents age-adjustment factors and genetic parameter estimates for carcass traits to be used in the Angus carcass genetic evaluation program. Because of the large range in slaughter ages, age classes were defined as all those animals slaughtered at an age of < or = 480 d and those with a slaughter age > 480 d. Linear and quadratic partial regressions on slaughter age for hot carcass weight (HCW), USDA marbling score (MS), 12th rib longissimus muscle area (LMA), and 12th-rib fat thickness (FT) were estimated within sex and age class. Quadratic age regressions were not significant, nor was the linear age regression coefficient for FT in steers in the > 480-d age class. Heritability estimates for age-constant HCW, MS, LMA, and FT were .31, .26, .32, and .26, respectively. The estimated genetic correlation (rg) between HCW and LMA was .47. The estimated rg between HCW and FT was .38 and between MS and FT was -.13. The linear genetic trends for CWT and LMA were significantly positive at .414 kg/yr and .075 cm2/yr, respectively. The genetic trends for FT and MS were very small but significantly negative at -.004 cm/yr and -.003 units/yr, respectively.

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