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Int J Addict. 1993 Aug;28(10):973-81.

Psychosocial predictors of needle sharing among intravenous drug users.

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  • 1Langley Porter Psychiatric Institute, University of California, San Francisco 94143.


This study examined the relationship between health beliefs and needle sharing in a sample of 226 heroin detoxification clients. Zero-order correlations revealed that needle sharing was positively associated with perceived susceptibility and AIDS anxiety, and negatively associated with self-efficacy and communication skill in negotiating safe needle practices. Logistic regression analysis showed that demographic and situational factors also play a role in needle sharing. White race and injection of drugs in shooting galleries or other public places increase the odds of sharing a "dirty" needle, while that probability decreases sharply as a function of drug users' self-efficacy. This last finding suggests that preventive clinical interventions such as counseling or psychoeducational groups maybe needed to help drug users develop confidence in resisting needle sharing.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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