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Int J Clin Lab Res. 1993;23(3):160-4.

Correlation between the ratio of serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol with that of serum apolipoproteins B and A-I.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Chemistry, University of Kuopio, Finland.


Phosphowolframate/magnesium chloride, a commonly used precipitation method for the determination of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in human serum, yields a supernatant containing almost all of the lipoproteins apo A-I and apo A-II but no lipoprotein apo B. The correlation between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apo A-I was very high (r = 0.94), as well as that between the precipitation method and ultracentrifugal analysis (r > 0.95, P < 0.001). In contrast, detergent precipitation (for the determination of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in human serum) produced sediments which contained the major proportion of apo B and only minor amounts of apo A-I and apo A-II. The precipitation method for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol showed very good agreement with ultracentrifugal analysis (r = 0.99). Yields of 80.2% were obtained for apo B with both methods. Results obtained using the precipitation methods showed excellent agreement with those obtained using the Friedewald formula (r > 0.99). Results were also very similar when hypertriglyceridemic serum samples were briefly centrifuged before analysis of cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride values. The present study shows highly significant correlations between cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apo B/apo A-I ratios (P < 0.001). Apo B and apo A-I levels could be used in addition to low- and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol values when assessing the risk of cardiovascular disease, if the methods for determining serum apolipoproteins have been properly standardized.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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