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Virology. 1993 Jan;192(1):370-4.

HSV-1 activation of HIV-1 transcription is augmented by a cellular protein that binds near the initiator element.

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  • 1Program in Molecular Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester 01605.


A cellular DNA binding protein, which we term Leader Binding Protein-2 (LBP-2), binds near the transcriptional initiation site of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) promoter. This protein recognizes a motif similar to that of LBP-1, a putative repressor of transcription (Kato, H., et al., Science, 251, 1476-1479, 1991). LBP-2 is associated with transcriptional activation of HIV-1 by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed that nuclear levels of this protein increase markedly following HSV-1 infection. Mutations of the LBP binding motif eliminate LBP-2 binding and interfere with HIV-1 activation by HSV-1. When inserted into an unrelated promoter, this motif confers transcriptional responsiveness to HSV-1 infection. Proteins that bind near the initiator element may be important regulators of HIV-1 gene expression.

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