Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Virol. 1993 Jun;67(6):3338-44.

Translation of human hepatitis C virus RNA in cultured cells is mediated by an internal ribosome-binding mechanism.

Author information

  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Colorado Medical School, Denver 80262.

Abstract

The human hepatitis C virus (HCV) contains a long 5' noncoding region (5' NCR). Computer-assisted and biochemical analyses suggest that there is a complex secondary structure in this region that is comparable to the secondary structures that are found in picornaviruses (E.A. Brown, H. Zhang, L.-H. Ping, and S.M. Lemon, Nucleic Acids Res. 20:5041-5045, 1992). Previous in vitro studies suggest that the HCV 5' NCR plays an important role during translation (K. Tsukiyama-Kohara, N. Iizuka, M. Kohara, and A. Nomoto, J. Virol. 66:1476-1483, 1992). Dicistronic and monocistronic expression vectors, in vitro translation, RNA transfections, and deletion mutagenesis studies were utilized to demonstrate unambiguously that the HCV 5' NCR is involved in translational control. Our data strongly support the conclusion that an internal ribosome entry site exists within the 5' noncoding sequences proximal to the initiator AUG. Furthermore, our results suggest that the HCV genome is translated in a cap-independent manner and that the sequences immediately upstream of the initiator AUG are essential for internal ribosome entry site function during translation.

PMID:
8388503
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC237677
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk