Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem J. 1993 Mar 15;290 ( Pt 3):833-42.

Proton-linked L-rhamnose transport, and its comparison with L-fucose transport in Enterobacteriaceae.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, U.K.


1. An alkaline pH change occurred when L-rhamnose, L-mannose or L-lyxose was added to L-rhamnose-grown energy-depleted suspensions of strains of Escherichia coli. This is diagnostic of sugar-H+ symport activity. 2. L-Rhamnose, L-mannose and L-lyxose were inducers of the sugar-H+ symport and of L-[14C]rhamnose transport activity. L-Rhamnose also induced the biochemically and genetically distinct L-fucose-H+ symport activity in strains competent for L-rhamnose metabolism. 3. Steady-state kinetic measurements showed that L-mannose and L-lyxose were competitive inhibitors (alternative substrates) for the L-rhamnose transport system, and that L-galactose and D-arabinose were competitive inhibitors (alternative substrates) for the L-fucose transport system. Additional measurements with other sugars of related structure defined the different substrate specificities of the two transport systems. 4. The relative rates of H+ symport and of sugar metabolism, and the relative values of their kinetic parameters, suggested that the physiological role of the transport activity was primarily for utilization of L-rhamnose, not for L-mannose or L-lyxose. 5. L-Rhamnose transport into subcellular vesicles of E. coli was dependent on respiration, was optimal at pH 7, and was inhibited by protonophores and ionophores. It was insensitive to N-ethylmaleimide or cytochalasin B. 6. L-Rhamnose, L-mannose and L-lyxose each elicited an alkaline pH change when added to energy-depleted suspensions of L-rhamnose-grown Salmonella typhimurium LT2, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella aerogenes, Erwinia carotovora carotovora and Erwinia carotovora atroseptica. The relative rates of subsequent acidification varied, depending on both the organism and the sugar. L-Fucose promoted an alkaline pH change in all the L-rhamnose-induced organisms except the Erwinia species. No L-rhamnose-H+ symport occurred in any organism grown on L-fucose. 7. All these results showed that L-rhamnose transport into the micro-organisms occurred by a system different from that for L-fucose transport. Both systems are energized by the trans-membrane electrochemical gradient of protons. 8. Neither steady-state kinetic measurements nor binding-protein assays revealed the existence of a second L-rhamnose transport system in E. coli.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk