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J Neurochem. 1993 Oct;61(4):1430-7.

Growth-promoting action of adenosine-containing dinucleotide on neuroblastoma cells: detection of adenosine-cytidine dinucleotide (ApCp) in neurofibroma (NF1) extracts.

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  • 1Department of Bioregulation Research, Nagoya City University Medical School, Japan.


Neurofibroma type 1 tissue was investigated for the presence of growth-promoting activity on human neuroblastoma cells. The activity was isolated by gel filtration and reversed-phase column chromatographs from neurofibroma type 1 extracts. An adenosine-containing dinucleotide (adenylyl(3'-5')cytidine-3'-phosphate) was identified as one of the major components of the activities by its enzymatic fragmentation and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Synthetic adenosine-containing dinucleotide derivatives such as cytidyl(3'-5')adenosine, cytidyl(2'-5')adenosine, adenylyl(3'-5')cytidine, and adenylyl(2'-5')cytidine showed a similar action. Cytidyl(3'-5')adenosine, cytidyl(2'-5')adenosine, and adenylyl(2'-5')cytidine, which are able to release a free adenosine through enzymatic hydrolysis, in particular elicited a strong activity corresponding to that of adenosine with the highest action. These results suggest that neuroblastoma cells are able to use adenosine-containing dinucleotides as well as mononucleotides for their survival and proliferation.

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