Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1993 Jul;32(7):417-25.

Treatment variables and intellectual outcome in children with classic phenylketonuria. A single-center-based study.

Author information

  • 1Section of Neurology, St. Christopher's Hospital for Children, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19134.

Abstract

Records of 46 patients with classic phenylketonuria (PKU) were used to determine treatment variables associated with intellectual outcome. Patients comprised three groups: phenylalanine-restricted diet started 1) after 3 months and loss of diet control at a mean age of 7 years, 2) before age 3 months and loss of diet control at a mean age of 5 years, and 3) before age 3 months and through a mean age of 11 years. All underwent IQ testing during the diet; groups 1 and 2 were retested at a mean of six years off the diet. On the diet, groups 2 and 3 had higher IQs than group 1; group 3 IQ was also higher than IQ off diet in groups 1 and 2. After discontinuing the diet, group 2 IQs decreased significantly. Predictors of IQ in group 1 were age at loss of diet control and percentage of phenylalanine concentrations > 15 mg/dL; in group 2, mean phenylalanine concentrations and age at loss of diet control. Predictors of changes in group 1 IQs were global degree of dietary control and percentage of phenylalanine concentrations > 15 mg/dL; in group 2, phenylalanine concentrations of < 3 mg/dL and age at start of diet. Group 1 patients with phenylalanine concentrations < 3 mg/dL or > 15 mg/dL achieved no IQ gain by continuing the diet after age 7 years. Thus, intellectual prognosis is best for PKU patients who start a phenylalanine-restricted diet early and continue through age 12 years.

PMID:
8365077
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk