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Tissue Antigens. 1993 Apr;41(4):173-7.

On the HLA-DQ(alpha 1*0501, beta 1*0201)-associated susceptibility in celiac disease: a possible gene dosage effect of DQB1*0201.

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  • 1Institute of Transplantation Immunology, University of Oslo, National Hospital, Norway.


The HLA-associated susceptibility to develop celiac disease (CD) seems mainly to be conferred by a particular HLA-DQ heterodimer encoded by the DQA1*0501 and DQB1*0201 genes either in cis or in trans position. To study the possible influence of DRB1 or other DQA1 and DQB1 alleles on the CD susceptibility conferred by these DQ genes, we performed genomic HLA typing of 94 CD patients, selected those who carried at least one copy of the DRB1*0301-DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201 haplotype (N = 89) and compared them to 47 random, healthy Norwegians matched with the patients to carry at least one copy of the above haplotype. We found an excess of DQB1*0201 homozygosity in the patients. This was due to an increased frequency of the DRB1*0301-DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201 and DRB1*0701-DQA1*0201-DQB1*0201 haplotypes present on the other chromosome. We propose that, in individuals carrying the DQA1*0501 and DQB1*0201 alleles, the presence of a second copy of the DQB1*0201 allele increases susceptibility to CD.

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