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Biochemistry. 1993 Aug 3;32(30):7650-7.

Effects of mutations in the hinge region of serpins.

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  • 1Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, MRC Centre, U.K.

Abstract

An expression system for alpha 1-antitrypsin in Escherichia coli was developed using a T7 RNA polymerase promoter. Addition of rifampicin to inhibit the E. coli RNA polymerase after induction of the T7 RNA polymerase gene resulted in about 30% of newly synthesized protein being alpha 1-antitrypsin. This expression system was then used to examine the effect of mutations in the hinge region of alpha 1-antitrypsin on its activity. The mutations were based on ones in antithrombin III that had previously been shown to have adverse effects on activity. Mutation of Ala347 to threonine in alpha 1-antitrypsin did not affect the kinetic behavior of the protein with trypsin or human leukocyte elastase. In contrast, mutation of Gly349 to proline converted the majority of the protein into a substrate for both proteinases. The small fraction of this mutant that was active, however, had kinetic parameters that were indistinguishable from wild-type alpha 1-antitrypsin. Cleavage within the reactive-site loop of wild-type alpha 1-antitrypsin causes a conformational change in the molecules (the S-to-R transition) and results in a marked increase in heat stability. This increase in heat stability was also seen upon cleavage within the reactive-site loops of both of the alpha 1-antitrypsin mutants. The results are discussed in terms of a kinetic mechanism for serpin-proteinase interactions, in which after the formation of an initial complex the serpin partitions between the formation of a stable complex and a cleavage reaction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
8347575
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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