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Suicide Life Threat Behav. 1993 Summer;23(2):120-9.

The impact of a suicide prevention program for adolescents on suicidal tendencies, hopelessness, ego identity, and coping.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.

Abstract

Three-hundred ninety-three adolescents from six schools participated in a study aimed at examining the effectiveness of an experiential suicide prevention program with regard to suicidal tendencies, hopelessness, ego identity, and coping ability. The subjects were randomly divided into experimental (n = 215) and control (n = 178) groups. The experimental groups took part in seven weekly 2-hour meetings. The program was based on the notion that a gradual, controlled confrontation and exploration of inner experiences and life difficulties related to suicidal behavior accompanied by an emphasis on coping strategies can immunize against self-destructive feelings. In this pretest-posttest design, the students completed questionnaires of suicidal tendencies, hopelessness, ego identity, and coping ability before and after the program. The statistical analyses showed that the experimental groups were superior to the controls, with at least some of the dependent measures pointing out the effectiveness of the program.

PMID:
8342211
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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