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J Biol Chem. 1993 Jul 25;268(21):15974-82.

Structure, chromosomal localization, and expression of mouse reg genes, reg I and reg II. A novel type of reg gene, reg II, exists in the mouse genome.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Miyagi, Japan.


We previously identified a gene, reg (i.e. regenerating gene), in the screening of a regenerating islet-derived cDNA library of rat (Terazono, K., Yamamoto, H., Takasawa, S., Shiga, K., Yonemura, Y., Tochino, Y., and Okamoto, H. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 2111-2114), and isolated a human reg cDNA and gene (Watanabe, T., Yonekura, H., Terazono, K., Yamamoto, H., and Okamoto, H. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 7432-7439); the rat and human cDNAs encode 165- and 166-amino acid proteins, respectively. Until now, it was thought that there is a single locus for Reg protein in the mammalian genome. In this study, we isolated two distinct cDNAs and genes, one of which was a mouse homologue to rat and human reg gene, the other a novel type of reg gene. We designated them reg I and reg II, respectively. The two proteins encoded by these genes share 76% amino acid sequence identity with each other. Both genes span about 3 kilobase pairs, and the genomic organization of six exons and five introns is conserved between them. Chromosomal mapping studies indicate that the reg I gene is localized on mouse chromosome 12, whereas the reg II gene is localized on chromosome 3. By Northern blot analysis, both reg I and reg II mRNAs are detected in the normal pancreas and hyperplastic islets of aurothioglucose-treated mice, but not in the normal islets. It is remarkable that in the gallbladder reg I is expressed, but reg II is not.

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