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J Biol Chem. 1993 Jul 25;268(21):15333-5.

Alpha 1-antitrypsin Siiyama (Ser53-->Phe). Further evidence for intracellular loop-sheet polymerization.

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  • 1Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Antitrypsin Siiyama is a rare example of the deficiency variants of antitrypsin that accumulate in the endoplasmic reticulum of the hepatocyte. The common example is Z antitrypsin, which has a mutation (Glu342-->Lys) at the junction of the head of the fifth strand of the A sheet and the base of the reactive center loop. It was previously shown that Z antitrypsin spontaneously polymerizes due to the insertion of the reactive center loop of one molecule into the A sheet of a second. The mutation in antitrypsin Siiyama (Ser53-->Phe) affects a residue that provides a ridge for the sliding movement that opens the A sheet, and it had been predicted that this would result in the same type of loop-sheet polymerization observed with the Z variant. We confirm this here and show that virtually all the plasma antitrypsin in a homozygote for the Siiyama variant was polymerized due to non-covalent bonding with a loss of accessibility of the reactive center loop. The common basis of the polymerization of Z and Siiyama antitrypsin is supported by identical findings on electron microscopy. Taken together these results confirm that loop-sheet polymerization is a general mechanism and as such is likely to be responsible for the intracellular inclusions associated with liver pathology.

PMID:
8340361
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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