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Brain Res. 1993 May 28;612(1-2):61-9.

Microdialysis of interstitial amino acids during spreading depression and anoxic depolarization in rat neocortex.

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  • 1Department of Medical Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.


We have examined the effect of cortical spreading depression (SD) and anoxic depolarization (AD) on the interstitial concentration changes of amino acids (AA) in the neocortex of anesthetized rats using microdialysis and HPLC. Accompanying SD alanine increased to 126 +/- 11%, arginine to 116 +/- 3%, aspartate to 160 +/- 17%, glutamate to 163 +/- 9%, glycine to 158 +/- 21%, serine to 125 +/- 9%, and taurine to 172 +/- 15% (mean +/- 1 S.E.M.). The increases lasted for about 1 min. Histidine decreased to 74% +/- 4% at 1 min following SD, and returned to normal 4 min later. Cardiac arrest triggered AD after approximately 2 min, immediately followed by changes of interstitial AAs. At 5 min after AD alanine had increased to 183 +/- 13%, aspartate to 3,458 +/- 656%, GABA to 338 +/- 35%, glutamate to 1,696 +/- 546%, glycine to 297 +/- 37%, serine to 153 +/- 12%, and taurine to 1721 +/- 98% as compared to control values (mean +/- 1 S.E.M.). Histidine decreased to 78 +/- 2% at 3 min following AD while arginine exhibited insignificant variations around the baseline. The increase of glutamate during SD is consistent with activation of NMDA-receptors as an essential requirement for this reaction. The increase of AAs may also contribute to the sequence of events leading to AD, though the exact mechanism remains unknown. SD is an important pathophysiological mechanism of the ischemic penumbra associated with focal cerebral ischemia, while AD reflects the electrophysiological status of the infarct core.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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