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Prostaglandins. 1993 May;45(5):401-11.

Urinary excretion and origin of 11-dehydro-2,3-dinor-thromboxane B2 in man.

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  • 1Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milano, Italy.


The in vivo biosynthesis of thromboxane B2 (TXB2) in man is currently evaluated by measuring urinary excretion of its major urinary metabolites, 11-dehydro-TXB2 and 2,3-dinor-TXB2. 11-Dehydro-2,3-dinor-TXB2, another prominent metabolite of exogenous TXB2 in man, has never been measured in human urine. We measured urinary 11-dehydro-2,3-dinor-TXB2 in parallel with 11-dehydro-TXB2 and 2,3-dinor-TXB2 by immunoaffinity extraction/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in healthy non-smokers (n = 12) and age-matched smokers (n = 11). In non-smokers, urinary excretion of 11-dehydro-2,3-dinor-TXB2, 11-dehydro-TXB2 and 2,3-dinor-TXB2 was 29.7 +/- 11.1, 53.6 +/- 15.0 and 13.5 +/- 2.8 ng/h (mean +/- SD), respectively. In smokers, only urinary excretion of 2,3-dinor-TXB2 was significantly different (19.7 +/- 6.7 ng/h, p < 0.01). Selective inhibition of platelet thromboxane biosynthesis by chronic low-dose aspirin (30 mg/day for 8 days, 4 subjects) comparably reduced platelet-derived metabolites and 11-dehydro-2,3-dinor-TXB2, suggesting that the latter also derives from platelets in healthy subjects.

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