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Mol Cell Biol. 1993 Jul;13(7):3882-9.

The hexokinase gene is required for transcriptional regulation of the glucose transporter gene RAG1 in Kluyveromyces lactis.

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  • 1Section de Biologie, Institut Curie, Centre Universitaire, Orsay, France.


The RAG1 gene of Kluyveromyces lactis encodes a low-affinity glucose/fructose transporter. Its transcription is induced by glucose, fructose, and several other sugars. The RAG4, RAG5, and RAG8 genes are trans-acting genes controlling the expression of the RAG1 gene. We report here the characterization of one of these genes, RAG5. The nucleotide sequence of the cloned RAG5 gene indicated that it encodes a protein that is homologous to hexokinases of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. rag5 mutants showed no detectable hexokinase or glucokinase activity, suggesting that the sugar kinase activity encoded by this gene is the only hexokinase in K. lactis. Both high- and low-affinity transport systems of glucose were affected in rag5 mutants. The defect of the low-affinity component was found to be due to a block of transcription of the RAG1 gene by the hexokinase mutation. In vivo complementation of the rag5 mutation by the HXK2 gene of S. cerevisiae and complementation of hxk1 hxk2 mutations of S. cerevisiae by the RAG5 gene showed that RAG5 and HXK2 were equivalent for sugar-phosphorylating activity but that RAG5 could not restore glucose repression in the S. cerevisiae hexokinase mutants.

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