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Am J Gastroenterol. 1993 Jul;88(7):1035-9.

Early invasive colorectal carcinomas metastatic to the lymph node with attention to their nonpolypoid development.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Kanazawa University, Japan.


Clinicopathologic study of six cases of early invasive colorectal carcinoma metastatic to lymph node was performed in order to elucidate possible characteristics relating to the risk of metastasis, with particular attention to the growth pattern of the primary tumor. All of the cases had at least one of the well-known risk factors for lymph node metastasis, including moderately or poorly differentiated histologic characteristics, considerable degree of submucosal invasion, and lymphatic invasion. An interesting finding of the present study was the identification of a nonpolypoid growth pattern with no concomitant adenomatous tissue, which seemed to be different from that of "malignant polyps" of previously reported cases showing adenoma-carcinoma sequence. This unique growth feature was found in all of the cases. Therefore, in addition to the accepted risk factors, nonpolypoid growth pattern and absence of adenomatous component may be risk factors predictive of nodal metastasis in patients with early invasive colorectal carcinoma.

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