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Clin Sci (Lond). 1994 Jan;86(1):15-25.

Muscle blood flow during intermittent exercise: comparison of the microdialysis ethanol technique and 133Xe clearance.

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  • 1Department of Physiology III, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


1. Local skeletal muscle blood flow was monitored using the microdialysis ethanol technique and 133Xe clearance during intermittent isometric contractions (5 s on/10 s off) of the thigh at 0-60% of the maximal voluntary isometric contraction force. 2. A linear increase in blood flow over a 25-fold range was detected using both 133Xe clearance and the microdialysis ethanol technique. 3. The median correlation coefficient between percentage maximal voluntary isometric contraction force and the ethanol outflow/inflow ratio, a marker of blood flow, was r = -0.98 (-0.94 to -0.99) (median and range, n = 6). The corresponding correlation coefficient for 133Xe clearance was r = 0.97 (0.92-0.98), the correlation coefficient between the ethanol outflow/inflow ratio and 133Xe clearance being r = -0.92 (-0.89 to -0.94). 4. Dialysate glucose concentration, although affected by blood flow, was not always significantly correlated with blood flow changes (r = 0.70; 0.51-0.95). 5. It may be concluded that the ethanol technique provides a valid measure of changes in local skeletal muscle blood flow. The data furthermore show that a linear increase in thigh skeletal muscle blood flow exists during the studied protocol of intermittent isometric contractions.

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