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Thromb Res. 1993 Nov 1;72(3):203-9.

Coagulation in vivo microcirculation and in vitro caused by endothelin-1.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Japan.


This study was designed to elucidate the participation of endothelin-1(ET-1) in vivo and in vitro coagulation. The microvascular hemodynamic changes in terms of intravascular thrombus formation in rat mesentery induced by the superfusion of ET-1 (0.5, 1 and 2 pmol) were visualized by an intravital microscope system assisted by television-video tape recorder system. In addition to vasoconstriction we observed the blockade of circulation by clumps resembling thrombus in a dose dependent fashion by ET-1. Thrombus formation could be attenuated by pretreatment with superfusion of 3.8% Na citrate solution but not by the prior superfusion of 1 to 3 ng of nitroglycerine. Thrombus formation was found after the administration of 10 microliters of CaCl2 (100 nM) solution in Na citrate (3.8%, 20 microliters) and ET-1 treated field. In vitro study, a dose dependent increase in TAT (thrombin-antithrombin complexes) and decrease in AT III (antithrombin III) (%) activity, the prolongation of PT (prothrombin time) and APTT (activated partial thromboplastin time) was found by administering ET-1 immediately in native (unanticoagulated) blood in silicon coated test tubes (p < 0.05; n = 6). However in citrated blood, TAT complexes, AT III (%) activity, PT and APTT were not significantly changed after administration of the same doses of ET-1 (p > 0.05; n = 6). Therefore, this study suggested that endothelin-1 caused intravascular thrombosis and enhanced intra test tube coagulation which could be attenuated by blocking ionic calcium.

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