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J Biol Chem. 1994 Jan 28;269(4):2491-500.

Expression and activation of cdks (1 and 2) and cyclins in the cell cycle progression during liver regeneration.

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  • 1Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U49, Unité de Recherches Hépatologiques, Hôpital Pontchaillou, Rennes, France.


In normal adult liver, hepatocytes are arrested in G0, and they rapidly respond to a mass loss by a definite number of divisions. Thus, taking advantage of the in vivo regenerative capacity of the liver following partial hepatectomy, we have analyzed both expression and activation of p34cdc2 (= cdk1) and p33cdk2 through the cell cycle, particularly during the long lasting G1 phase and in the G1/S transition. While p33cdk2 is constantly expressed during the cell cycle, p34cdc2 is completely absent in resting hepatocytes and remains unexpressed for up to 20 h after partial hepatectomy, a time period corresponding to the G1 phase and G1/S transition, and then accumulates in the S, G2, and M phases. No histone H1 kinase activity is detected during the G1 phase, while two peaks of p34cdc2 kinase activity are observed during the S and M phases and only one peak of p33cdk2 kinase activity in the S phase. p34cdc2 forms complexes with both cyclins A and B while p33cdk2 is associated with cyclin A only. Surprisingly, cyclins E and D1 are present in resting liver and with modest variation throughout the cell cycle. Taken together, our data provide evidence that the pattern of G1-associated proteins in hepatocytes during liver regeneration is distinct from that described in other cell types.

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