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Isr J Med Sci. 1993 Dec;29(12):757-63.

Laron syndrome due to a post-receptor defect: response to IGF-I treatment.

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  • 1Endocrinology and Diabetes Research Unit, Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tikva.

Abstract

Three siblings with Laron syndrome (LS) and normal serum growth hormone binding protein (GHBP) are described. Basal serum levels of hGH were high and IGF-1 low, and in contradistinction to the classical form of the disease serum GHBP and IGFBP-3 were normal in these patients. After 7 days of human growth hormone administration serum IGFBP-3 levels as well as the number of red blood cell IGF receptor sites increased. After short- and long-term IGF-1 administration the IGF-1 receptor binding capacity as well as the number of IGF receptor sites decreased to levels found in control subjects. One year treatment with IGF-1 increased the growth velocity by 47-96% in the two older children. It is concluded that the findings described are compatible with a normal GH receptor and normal signal transmission for IGFBP-3 synthesis but a defect exists in the post-GH receptor mechanism for the generation of IGF-1. This is the first description of this type of defect leading to a variant of Laron syndrome.

PMID:
8300382
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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