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Curr Genet. 1993 Nov;24(5):408-16.

Induction of glucose oxidase, catalase, and lactonase in Aspergillus niger.

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  • 1Department of Genetics, Wageningen Agricultural University, The Netherlands.


The induction of glucose oxidase, catalase, and lactonase activities was studied both in wild-type and in glucose oxidase regulatory and structural mutants of Aspergillus niger. The structural gene for glucose oxidase was isolated and used for Northern analysis and in transformation experiments using various gox mutations. Wild-type phenotype could be restored in the glucose oxidase-negative mutant (goxC) by transformation with the structural gene. We conclude, therefore, that the goxC marker which is located on chromosome 2 represents the structural gene of glucose oxidase. Glucose and a high oxygen level are necessary for the induction of all three enzyme activities in the wild-type strain and it was shown that both glucose and oxygen effects reflect regulation at the transcriptional level. The goxB mutation results in constitutive expression of all three activities although modulated to some extent by the carbon source. The goxE mutation only has an effect on lactonase and glucose oxidase expression and does not relieve the necessity for a high oxygen level. Catalase and lactonase could not be induced in the glucose oxidase-negative strain (goxC). Addition of H2O2 resulted in the induction of all three enzymes in the wild-type without glucose being present. The H2O2 induction is probably mediated by the goxB product. Besides the H2O2 induction there is still an effect of the carbon source on the induction. A model for induction of glucose oxidase, catalase, and lactonase in A. niger is discussed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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