Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Cancer. 1993;29A(15):2101-5.

Cancer morbidity in blood recipients--results of a cohort study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medical Microbiology, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.

Abstract

Blood transfusions involve the transfer of relatively large volumes of body fluids and cellular material between individuals. A variety of pathogens like viruses, some of which are associated with development of certain tumours, are known to be transmitted by this route. Blood recipients were identified during 1981-1982 in the register of the hospital blood centre, and in-patients by the in-patient and discharge register of the hospital. Tumour occurrence and vital status were determined by means of the population-based regional tumour register. Age, gender and calendar-year specific rates from the general population were used to calculate expected values. In a cohort study of 3177 blood recipients, increased numbers of malignant lymphomas [13 vs. 4.8 expected, standard morbidity ratio (SMR) 2.70 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.44-4.62] and skin cancers [12 vs. 5.2 expected, SMR 2.29, 95% CI 1.19-4.01] were seen 3 to 9 years after transfusion. In a second cohort study of 29,910 hospitalised patients, a total of 37 (29.8 expected) malignant lymphomas was found in 28,338 patients with no transfusion and 10 (2.73 expected) in 1572 patients with a transfusion, 3 to 9 years after the hospitalisation. The incidence rate ratio between these groups was 3.11 (95% CI 1.56-6.20) using a Mantel-Haenszel estimator with age stratification. Non-melanomatous skin cancers had an incidence ratio of 2.74 (95% CI 1.25-6.00). We conclude that, in the cohorts discussed here, malignant lymphomas and skin cancer occur more often in blood recipients than in controls. It remains to be established whether this is due to factors covariating with transfusion or by the transfusion itself. Further studies on these putative associations are warranted, as are analytical studies of the epidemiology of malignant lymphomas, especially non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, whose aetiology is still poorly understood.

PMID:
8297647
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk