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Mol Cell Biol. 1994 Feb;14(2):1137-46.

The gene encoding a major component of the lateral elements of synaptonemal complexes of the rat is related to X-linked lymphocyte-regulated genes.

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  • 1Department of Genetics, Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.


The lateral elements of synaptonemal complexes (SCs) of the rat contain major components with relative electrophoretic mobilities (M(r)S) of 30,000 and 33,000. After one-dimensional separation of SC proteins on polyacrylamide-sodium dodecyl sulfate gels, these components show up as two broad bands. These bands contain closely related proteins, as judged from their peptide maps and immunological reactivity. Using affinity-purified polyclonal anti-30,000- and anti-33,000-M(r) component antibodies, we isolated a cDNA encoding at least one of the 30,000- or 33,000-M(r) SC components. The protein predicted from the nucleotide sequence of the cDNA, called SCP3 (for synaptonemal complex protein 3), has a molecular mass of 29.7 kDa and a pI value of 9.4. It has a potential nucleotide binding site and contains stretches that are predicted to be capable of forming coiled-coil structures. In the male rat, the gene encoding SCP3 is transcribed exclusively in the testis. SCP3 has significant amino acid similarity to the pM1 protein, which is one of the predicted products of an X-linked lymphocyte-regulated gene family of the mouse: there are 63% amino acid sequence similarity and 35% amino acid identity between the SCP3 and pM1 proteins. However, SCP3 differs from pM1 in several respects, and whether the proteins fulfill related functions is still an open question.

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