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Arch Fam Med. 1993 Feb;2(2):159-67.

Primary care of patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. The physician's perspective.

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  • 1Department of Family Medicine, Highland Hospital, Rochester, NY.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine physicians' perceptions, motivations, and influences on their willingness to care for patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

DESIGN:

Interviews with 30 physicians. Qualitative content and narrative analyses were performed.

SETTINGS:

Community-based primary care practices in six moderate-sized cities in the northeastern United States with at least a moderate incidence or prevalence of reported acquired immunodeficiency syndrome cases.

PARTICIPANTS:

Thirty community-based primary care physicians who had cared for at least two patients with HIV during the previous 2 years.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Qualitative study designed to provide rich descriptive data.

RESULTS:

Care of patients with HIV was regarded as part of the scope of primary care, and was perceived to be similar to the care of patients with other chronic illnesses. Many physicians were motivated by personal rewards in taking care of patients, intellectual challenge, and desire to serve the underserved. Most believed that practicing physicians have an ethical obligation to care for all patients, regardless of diagnosis. No one "type" of physician could be identified who provides care to patients with HIV.

CONCLUSIONS:

Primary care physicians can apply their skills in the management of other chronic diseases to the care of patients with HIV. Practicing physicians can find caring for patients with HIV rewarding, stimulating, and enjoyable. Educational programs for physicians need to emphasize psychosocial aspects of HIV care. In addition, physicians need opportunities to recognize and deal effectively with their own emotional responses to the care of patients with HIV.

PMID:
8275185
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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