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BMJ. 1993 Dec 11;307(6918):1519-24.

Early growth and death from cardiovascular disease in women.

Author information

  • 1MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether the link suggested between growth in utero and during infancy and death from cardiovascular disease in men is also present in women.

DESIGN:

Follow up study of women and men whose birth weight and weight at 1 year of age had been recorded.

SETTING:

Hertfordshire, England.

SUBJECTS:

5585 women and 10,141 men born during 1911-30.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Standardised mortality ratios for cardiovascular disease.

RESULTS:

Among women and men death rates from cardiovascular disease fell progressively between the low and high birth weights groups (chi 2 = 4.3, p = 0.04 for women, chi 2 = 8.5, p < 0.005 for men). Cardiovascular deaths in men but not women were also strongly related to weight at 1 year, falling progressively between the low and high weight groups (chi 2 = 27.5, p < 0.0001). The highest cardiovascular death rates in women were among those with below average birth weight but above average weight at 1 year. In men the highest rates were among those with below average birth weight and below average weight at 1 year.

CONCLUSION:

Relations between cardiovascular disease and birth weight are similar in men and women. In men cardiovascular disease is also related to weight gain in infancy.

PMID:
8274920
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1679586
Free PMC Article
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