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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1976 Jul 28;48(2):139-46.

Behavioral evidence for dopaminergic supersensitivity following chronic treatment with methadone or chlorpromazine in the guinea pig.


This study demonstrated the enhancement, as a consequence of prior chronic drug treatment, of two behaviors (stereotyped oral behaviors and open field locomoation) which are thought to depend primarily on the striatel dopamine system. Following a 5-week treatment with methadone (MD), chlorpromazine (CPZ), or saline, the dopamine agonist methamphetamine (MA) elicited more intense stereotypies in the MD and CPZ animals. After chronic treatment with MD, the MA-elicited stereotypies were reduced by an acute dose of MD. Stereotyped oral behaviors elicited by a stressful stimulus (foot shock) were enhanced in the MD animals both during and following chronic drug treatment. MA-elicited open field locomotion, measured 2 weeks following termination of chronic drug treatment, was enhanced in the MD and CPZ animals.

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