Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem J. 1993 Dec 1;296 ( Pt 2):341-5.

Cytotoxicity of nitric oxide in Fu5 rat hepatoma cells: evidence for co-operative action with hydrogen peroxide.

Author information

  • 1Institut f├╝r Physiologische Chemie, Universit├Ątsklinikum, Essen, Federal Republic of Germany.


The NO-releasing compounds 3-morpholinosydnonimine-N-ethylcarbamide (SIN-1), sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and S-nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine (SNAP) mediated a rapid loss of viability of Fu5 rat hepatoma cells. SIN-1 in addition to NO also released the superoxide anion radical (O2-.). Its cytotoxicity, however, was not affected by superoxide dismutase. In contrast, the H2O2-converting enzyme catalase significantly, but not completely, diminished cell damage, indicating participation of H2O2 in the tumoricidal activity of SIN-1. Glucose oxidase (5 m-units/ml), producing similar amounts of H2O2 to 5 mM SIN-1, had no effect on cell viability. When 5 m-units/ml glucose oxidase was added to incubations with 5 mM SNP, which alone initiated cell injury of about 40%, cell damage was significantly increased up to 95%. Similar results were observed with 1 mM SNAP and 20 m-units/ml xanthine oxidase, which mediated cytotoxicity of about 90% when both compounds were added together, compared with 35% and 55% cell injury, respectively, induced by the single compounds. The results indicate that a co-operative action with H2O2 enhances the tumoricidal activity of NO in Fu5 cells. No evidence for an interplay of NO with O2-. in cytotoxicity, e.g. via the peroxynitrite anion (ONOO-), was found.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Portland Press Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk