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J Clin Microbiol. 1993 Oct;31(10):2783-5.

Direct DNA probe assay for Neisseria gonorrhoeae in pharyngeal and rectal specimens.

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  • 1Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333.

Abstract

The direct detection of gonococcal DNA in rectal and pharyngeal specimens was evaluated by using a DNA probe-based assay (Gen-Probe, Inc., San Diego, Calif.). Rectal (234) and pharyngeal (608) swab specimens were obtained from 249 men and 372 women attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in Las Vegas and Reno, Nevada. The prevalence of gonococcal infection by culture at the pharyngeal and rectal sites was 2.9% (16 of 548 specimens) in women and 2.7% (8 of 294 specimens) in men. No false-positive reactions were observed among the 234 rectal specimens tested. Two probe-positive, culture-negative specimens were detected among the 361 pharyngeal specimens obtained from women. Both of these samples were confirmed as Neisseria gonorrhoeae by a probe competition assay. The overall correlation of the DNA probe test with pharyngeal and rectal cultures was 99.4% (837 of 842 cultures), with a sensitivity of 87.5% (21 of 24 cultures) and specificity of 99.7% (816 of 818 cultures). The positive and negative predictive values of the DNA assay were 91.3 and 99.8%, respectively. The direct DNA probe assay provides an alternative to culture screening for rectal and/or pharyngeal gonococcal infections.

PMID:
8253983
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC266014
Free PMC Article
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