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J Biol Chem. 1993 Dec 15;268(35):26658-62.

Transcriptional enhancer factor-1 in cardiac myocytes interacts with an alpha 1-adrenergic- and beta-protein kinase C-inducible element in the rat beta-myosin heavy chain promoter.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology and Research Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94121.


In cultured rat cardiac myocytes, a 20-base pair sequence (-215/-196) of the rat beta-myosin heavy chain (MHC) promoter mediates induction by both alpha 1-adrenergic stimulation and a constitutively activated beta-protein kinase C (PKC), and binds cardiac myocyte nuclear factor(s) through an "enhancer core" element (5'-TGTGG-TATG-3') (Kariya, K., Karns, L. R., and Simpson, P. C. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, in press). Here, we report identification of this enhancer core binding factor as the rat homologue of transcriptional enhancer factor-1 (TEF-1), a human transcription factor for viral enhancers. In gel mobility shift and immunoblot analyses, the myocyte factor and human TEF-1 were indistinguishable in terms of sequence recognition, mobility, and immunoreactivity. Furthermore, DNA binding activity for the beta-MHC enhancer core and TEF-1 immunoreactivity correlated closely. These results are the first to suggest a role for TEF-1 in transcriptional regulation by PKC. The data also provide direct evidence for interaction of TEF-1 with the beta-MHC promoter, supporting a function for TEF-1 in regulation of cellular gene expression, as well as viral, and outline a pathway for alpha 1-adrenergic regulation of beta-MHC gene transcription in cardiac myocytes.

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