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Physiol Behav. 1993 Nov;54(5):967-72.

Effects of sleep deprivation, lunch, and personality on performance, mood, and cardiovascular function.

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  • 1Health Psychology Research Unit, School of Psychology, University of Wales College of Cardiff.


The present study examined the effects of sleep deprivation on performance, mood, and cardiovascular functioning in the late morning and early afternoon. The results showed that the sleep-deprived subjects felt less alert and detected fewer targets in a cognitive vigilance task. Selective impairments due to sleep deprivation were also observed in a logical reasoning task. There was little evidence to suggest that consumption of lunch altered these effects of sleep deprivation. However, individual differences in the effects of sleep deprivation were apparent, with trait anxiety being related to the changes in subjective alertness produced by sleep deprivation, and sleep-deprived extraverts showing greater performance impairments than the sleep-deprived introverts.

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