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J Histochem Cytochem. 1993 Oct;41(10):1583-90.

The mouse chimera during intrauterine stages: immunohistochemical analysis with the C3H strain-specific antibody.

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  • 1Laboratory of Cell Biology, Life Science Tsukuba Research Center, Ibaraki, Japan.


Our objective was to establish an immunohistological method for analysis of chimerism in mouse chimeras at embryonic stages with an anti-C3H strain-specific antigen (CSA) antibody. We developed an effective new method to retain CSA antigenicity with good morphology of embryonic tissues by using microwave irradiation (MWI) for pre-fixation, 95% ethanol/1% acetic acid as post-fixative solution, and polyester wax as embedding material. We used a biotinylated mouse monoclonal anti-CSA antibody, peroxidase-avidin, and silver amplification. These procedures were successful in demonstrating the chimerisms in various tissues of C3H<-->Balb/c chimeras at different embryonic stages and postnatal days. In chimeras at Days 7 and 7.5 post coitum (p.c.), both genotypes were clearly identified and well intermingling in every embryonic tissue (embryonic ectoderm, mesoderm, extra-embryonic ectoderm, ectoplacental cone, amnion, and chorion). Chimerisms at Day 14.5 p.c. were also clearly observed in mesencephalon, neural retina, spinal cord, lung, kidney, and liver. We concluded that the present immunohistological procedures for analysis of chimerism during embryonic periods will give us insightful information about dynamic histological changes such as cell proliferation, migration, selection, and death during organogenesis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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