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Acta Haematol. 1993;90(1):13-8.

Variations in erythropoiesis and serum ferritin during erythropoietin therapy for anaemia of end-stage renal disease.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Therapy, University of Pavia, Italy.

Abstract

In order to study the relationship between erythropoiesis and serum ferritin (SF) during erythropoietin (rHuEPO) therapy in the anaemia of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), 19 patients were followed without iron supplementation and at a fixed dose of the drug (40 U/kg). Twelve patients failed to attain the target haemoglobin (Hb) value, 7 of whom due to the appearance of iron deficiency. Erythropoiesis, as measured by the serum transferrin receptor concentration, increased from 12 to 120% of the basal value. This increment was not constantly associated with a proportional rise of Hb or reticulocyte count. SF decreased exponentially from a median value of 221 micrograms/dl (range 42-470) to a median value of 54 micrograms/dl (range 20-172). Halving of the basal SF value (SF-T50) was reached at the 18th-95th day of therapy (median = 43), representing a iron shift of 3.4-11.6 mg/day (median = 5.4). SF-T50 was not correlated with the Hb increase, but with that of erythropoiesis (r = 0.78; p = 0.003). The minimum SF (MSF) value attained was not correlated with the appearance of iron deficiency. The conclusion is that the rate of SF decrease during rHuEPO in ESRD is a reliable measure of iron mobilisation for erythropoiesis, but not for haematologic response. The MSF value reached during therapy is not representative of available iron for erythropoiesis.

PMID:
8237268
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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