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Kidney Int. 1993 Sep;44(3):606-12.

Effects of cooler temperature dialysate on hemodynamic stability in "problem" dialysis patients.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.


Symptomatic hypotension is a common and disabling complication of hemodialysis treatments. The incidence of symptomatic hypotensive episodes is particularly high in patients who have normal or low blood pressure at the initiation of dialysis and in patients who have large interdialytic weight gains. The aim of this study was to determine whether cooling the dialysate temperature from 37 degrees C to 35 degrees C improved tolerance to dialysis in a group of 12 of these "problem" patients. A double-blinded protocol was performed in six hypotension-prone and six large weight gainers who were subjected to two identical hemodialyses except for the dialysate temperature of 37 degrees C or 35 degrees C. Changes in biochemical parameters and weight were comparable during the two maneuvers. Recumbent blood pressure declined significantly (P < 0.01) during 37 degrees C dialysis but not 35 degrees C dialysis; blood pressure was significantly lower at 1, 2, and 3 hours of 37 degrees C dialysis compared to 35 degrees C dialysis (P < 0.05). Further, both supine and upright blood pressure was significantly lower following 37 degrees C dialysis (P < 0.02). This lower blood pressure was present in both subgroups of patients. All 18 episodes of symptomatic hypotension noted during the study occurred during 37 degrees C dialysis. A significantly greater increase in peripheral vascular resistance (calf blood flow was measured directly by venous occlusion plethysmography) occurred upon exposure to the 35 degrees C dialysate in both subgroups of patients (P < 0.01); supine and upright post-dialysis plasma norepinephrine values were also significantly greater (P < 0.001) after 35 degrees dialysis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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